Synonyms: Colima; Nevado de Colima; Volcan de Colima The state's first port at Tzalahua would be an important site for about 300 years of Spanish colonial rule as a line of defense and a commercial center. The last is between the Salado and Naranjo or Coahuayana Rivers and contains small mountain chains such as the Piscila, Volcancillos, La Palmera, El Camichín and Copales. One of the first introduced crops was cacao in the 16th century, with coconut, sugar cane, and cotton coming after. One distinguished craft is the making of palm frond hats, including a local style called the colimote. Mexico's most active volcano, it erupted explosively in 1991 and 2005. [43] Most of the Colima airport flights go to Mexico City, with about 100,000 passengers going through the terminal in 2009. [23] During the dry season, there is migration from the rural areas into the urban ones as most agricultural work takes place during the rainy season. kō-lē'mä. The agricultural production supports an agro-industry that attracts workers from neighboring Jalisco and Michoacán. It was a coffee plantation from the 19th century, with a chapel and aqueduct, which have all been restored. The most important of these is the Cerro Grande and its related peaks of Jurípicho-Juluapan, Los Juanillos, La Astilla, El Ocote, El Peón, El Barrigón, San Diego, and La Media Luna. It includes parades, dances, fireworks, and jaripeos. [21], Federal intervention from Mexico City continued into the 1920s, with a number of laws to reform schools, hospitals and other institutions, which before had been mostly operated by the Catholic Church. This glyph is still used in the state's seal. noun 1. a state of SW Mexico, on the Pacific coast: mainly a coastal plain, rising to the foothills of the Sierra Madre, with important mineral resources. [10][11] The state is in the middle of Mexico's Pacific coast, bordered by the Pacific Ocean and the states of Jalisco and Michoacán. [47] The first incursion into the Colima area occurred under Juan Rodríguez de Villafuerte in 1522 but was defeated by the natives of the Tecomán Valley. [33], About two thirds of the state's GDP is from commerce and services which include transportation and storage, mostly linked with the Manzanillo port. Many of his works are preserved at his former home of the Nogueras Hacienda in Comala, which is now a museum and cultural center run by the University of Colima. The main aspect of the plan was the construction of highways such as the highway that connects Manzanillo to Guadalajara and then onto Tampico. The Del Carmen hacienda is in the municipality of Villa de Álvarez. It was an early base for the Spanish conquest of the Pacific coast. On the Tecomán municipality coast there are the lagoons of Alcuzahua and Amela, with the Cuyutlán lagoon split between the municipalities of Armería and Manzanillo. [32] Most commercial activity in general is concentrated in the cities of Colima, Tecomán and Manzanillo, which have the most developed communications, transportation and other infrastructure. [21], There is one other site called Periquillo, which indicates one late migration into Colimas around the 10th century from the north. However, it maintains a distinct identity, with a combination bullfighting and charreada event that is one of the oldest of its kind in northwestern Mexico, which takes part in La Petatera, a bullring that is assembled each year for the event, made of logs and petates, and that is known as one of the world’s largest crafts. It was founded in the very early colonial period and still maintains its narrow streets and old houses with large main doors of wood and balconies with simple ironwork. It lies along the Colima River in the Sierra Madre foothills. Colima City - Colima (Spanish pronunciation: [koˈlima]) is a city that is the capital of the Colima state and the seat of Colima municipality, located in central−western Mexico. Other items include huarache sandals, boots, bird cages, cold cuts and costumes and masks for traditional dance. Most farm work consists of the harvesting of fruit. [37], Colima has a number of important local festivals and other annual events. It is celebrated with horse races, mojigangas, traditional dance, processions, and music. Forest covers 35% with the rest composed of bodies of water and urban areas. It is believed to be a relative of the Chihuahua and/or the Mexican Hairless (Xoloitzcuintle). [37], The Feria de Manzanillo occurs from 29 April to 1 May and celebrates the anniversary of its designation as a major port (Puerto de Altura). It was originally made part of the diocese of Valladolid (Morelia). Colli means either ancestors or volcano, and maitl means domain of. [49] They would be followed by the Mercedarians and the Brothers of Saint John of the Cross. In 1867, Republican troops under Ramon Corona retook the city. Literacy programs for adults are handled by INEA and CONAFE. Colima produces about half of Mexico's lime crop, and is second in the production of coconut meat and tuna . One interpretation means "place in the hand of the grandfather" with "grandfather" possibly referring to the volcano. [19] Despite this population growth, the state still ranks last of Mexico's federal entities, with a total of 650,555 according to the 2010 census, only 0.6% of the country's total. From the west of Manzanillo and into the municipalities of Armería and Coquimatlán, there is rainforest of medium height with tree species such as copal (Bursera) and cuajilote (Parmentiera aculeate), with some pines, holm oaks and salt friendly mangrove forests and scrub.[10]. It is the largest producing municipality for the business sector and tourism in the state of Colima. In 1818, a strong earthquake sent many from nearby San Francisco to the area, and it was renamed San Francisco de Almoloyan. On the Tuesday after Epiphany is the "Entrance of the Señor de la Expiración" in Rancho de Villa. [11] These urban populations are concentrated in the municipalities of Colima, Manzanillo, Tecomán and Villa de Alvarez. Colin definition, any of several American quails, especially the bobwhite. Candlemas is an important event in Tecomán with traditional dances and fair. You've only scratched the surface of Colima family history. Images of Huehueteotl and Tlaloc appear with this culture, which may indicate the origins of the cultures that ultimately settled central Mexico. [13] The last major eruptions of the Colima Volcano occurred in 1998 and 1999. In addition to bullfights and charreadas, mojigangas are featured. The Colima Volcano, also called the Volcán de Fuego, is active and the Nevado de Colima is not. [38] On 29 September Tamala, municipality of Ixtlahuacán celebrates the feast of the Archangel Michael with a change of "mayordomos" (festival sponsors). Cuyutlan, Mexico. After Chanal the largest related site is La Campana but most contain pyramidal bases and plazas with structures often containing rounded edges. [53], This article is about the Mexican state. Mainland Colima shares borders with the states of Jalisco and Michoacán. Belonging to this culture was a number of smaller sites and most of the ones known and explored to date. Among the state's rodents is the Xenomis nelson, a small rare animal little known outside Colima. [21] Hernán Cortés then sent Gonzalo de Sandoval to defeat the Tecos, which he did at the Paso de Alima and the Palenque de Tecomán. The artificial structure is a tall dock with a length of 450 meters and 225 meters wide for a surface of 10,125m2. 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